Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce enough insulin or cannot utilize it properly. Insulin is produced mainly in the beta cells of the pancreas and its main function is to convert excess carbohydrates into fats for storage. Type 1 diabetes mellitus is caused by loss of the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas, whereas Type 2 diabetes is due to reduced insulin sensitivity, combined with reduced insulin secretion.
Diabetes can cause serious health complications including heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and lead to leg amputations. Diabetes is the sixth leading cause of death in the United States.
How to prevent diabetes
The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), a major federally funded study of 3,234 people at high risk for diabetes, showed that people can delay and possibly prevent the disease by losing a small amount of weight (5 to 7 percent of total body weight) through 30 minutes of physical activity 5 days a week and healthier eating.
Common Diabetes Topics
Glucose Tolerance Test
Obesity and Diabetes
Diet for Diabetes
Exercise and Diabetes
Information about Diabetes:
American Diabetes Association
Provides extensive news and information about diabetes including symptoms, nutrition, weight loss, prevention, research, and community resources.
CDC: Basics About Diabetes
Fact sheet about diabetes covering its common symptoms, risk factors, and management options.
Diabetes information including treating type 2 diabetes
Offers diabetes and diet information, including recipes for a diabetic diet and tips on managing blood sugar levels. From GlaxoSmithKline.
MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Diabetes
Definition. Diabetes is a life-long disease marked by high levels of sugar in the blood. Causes Return to top. Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin
CDC Diabetes Public Health Resource
The diabetes information homepage of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, provided by the CDC's Division of Diabetes Translation.
Diabetes Risks, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment
Provides an overview of diabetes and its causes, symptoms, and treatment.
WebMD Diabetes Health Center - Diabetes Type 1 and Type 2
Learn about type 1 type, 2, and gestational diabetes symptoms, causes, diagnosis, treatment, diet, management, and diabetes prevention. ... Diabetes Overview ...