Diseases and Pathological Conditions
A disease is an abnormal condition not caused by an injury that impairs bodily functions, and it is associated with specific symptoms. Diseases may cause death, discomfort, dysfunction, distress, or social problems. Injuries usually occur as a result of trauma and can result in disabilities, disorders, syndromes, infections, and deviant behaviors.
Diseases can be caused by parasites and microbes, but they may also be genetic in nature. It is important to have a good diet and to exercise regularly to avoid common diseases like Type 2 diabetes or obesity. Good hygiene is important to avoid illnesses caused by viruses and bacteria. Some common diseases can be prevented by vaccination. Washing your hands with soap is one of the most practical and easy ways to avoid microbial infections.